Configurer nginx pour drupal

 

Ce tuto propose la configuration du serveur nginx avec drupal 8.

L'architecture que je vous propose est relativement simple : 

  • Un répertoire contenant drupal 8 en multisite
  • Un fichier de configuration pour drupal 8
  • Une base de donnée par site

Pour commencer, il faut créer un fichier dans /etc/nginx/sites-available avec le contenu suivant :

	
server {
    server_name localhost; // si drupal est seul sur le serveur nginx  enlever la ligne
    root /home/www-data;

    location = /favicon.ico {
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    # Very rarely should these ever be accessed outside of your lan
    location ~* \.(txt|log)$ {
        allow 192.168.0.0/16;
        deny all;
    }

    location ~ \..*/.*\.php$ {
        return 403;
    }

    location ~ ^/sites/.*/private/ {
        return 403;
    }

    # Allow "Well-Known URIs" as per RFC 5785
    location ~* ^/.well-known/ {
        allow all;
    }

    # Block access to "hidden" files and directories whose names begin with a
    # period. This includes directories used by version control systems such
    # as Subversion or Git to store control files.
    location ~ (^|/)\. {
        return 403;
    }

    location / {
        # try_files $uri @rewrite; # For Drupal <= 6
        try_files $uri /index.php?$query_string; # For Drupal >= 7
    }

    location @rewrite {
        rewrite ^/(.*)$ /index.php?q=$1;
    }

    # Don't allow direct access to PHP files in the vendor directory.
    location ~ /vendor/.*\.php$ {
        deny all;
        return 404;
    }

    # In Drupal 8, we must also match new paths where the '.php' appears in
    # the middle, such as update.php/selection. The rule we use is strict,
    # and only allows this pattern with the update.php front controller.
    # This allows legacy path aliases in the form of
    # blog/index.php/legacy-path to continue to route to Drupal nodes. If
    # you do not have any paths like that, then you might prefer to use a
    # laxer rule, such as:
    #   location ~ \.php(/|$) {
    # The laxer rule will continue to work if Drupal uses this new URL
    # pattern with front controllers other than update.php in a future
    # release.
    location ~ '\.php$|^/update.php' {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(|/.*)$;
        # Security note: If you're running a version of PHP older than the
        # latest 5.3, you should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini.
        # See http://serverfault.com/q/627903/94922 for details.
        include fastcgi_params;
        # Block httpoxy attacks. See https://httpoxy.org/.
        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        # PHP 5 socket location.
        #fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
        # PHP 7 socket location.
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
    }

    # Fighting with Styles? This little gem is amazing.
    # location ~ ^/sites/.*/files/imagecache/ { # For Drupal <= 6
    location ~ ^/sites/.*/files/styles/ { # For Drupal >= 7
        try_files $uri @rewrite;
    }

    # Handle private files through Drupal. Private file's path can come
    # with a language prefix.
    location ~ ^(/[a-z\-]+)?/system/files/ { # For Drupal >= 7
        try_files $uri /index.php?$query_string;
    }

    location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|ico|svg)$ {
        try_files $uri @rewrite;
        expires max;
        log_not_found off;
    }
}

Attention au chemin vers le socket php dans le paramètre  fastcgi_pass selon la version que vous utilisez, il est réglé pour ubuntu dans ce fichier.

Ensuite il faut créer lien vers ce fichier dans /etc/sites-enabled :

ls -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/drupal /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/drupal

 

puis créer le répertoire et y placer les sources de drupal 8 :

mkdir /home/www-data
chgrp www-data /home/www-data
chmod g+w /home/www-data
cd /home/www-data
composer update

 

Mon fichier composer  est le suivant :

{
    "name": "jeanseb/bootstrap",
    "description": "Drupal 8 bootstrap",
    "require": {
        "composer/installers": "^1.5",
        "drupal/core": "8.6.2",
        "drupal-composer/drupal-scaffold": "^2.4",
        "drupal/scheduler": "1.0",
        "drupal/sitemap": "1.4",
        "drupal/captcha": "1.0-beta1",
        "drupal/adsense": "1.0",
        "drupal/rules": "3.0-alpha4",
        "drupal/ctools": "3.0",
        "drupal/views_slideshow": "4.6",
        "drupal/social_post_twitter": "2.0.0-alpha3",
        "drupal/devel": "1.2",
        "abraham/twitteroauth": "~0",
        "drupal/social_post": "2.0-beta2",
        "league/oauth2-client": "~2.0",
        "drupal/adaptivetheme": "3.1",
        "drupal/at_tools": "3.2",
        "drupal/metatag": "1.7",
        "drupal/migrate_plus": "4.0",
        "drupal/migrate_manifest": "1.8",
        "drupal/migrate_tools": "4.0",
        "drupal/features": "3.8",
        "drupal/entity": "1.0-rc1",
        "drupal/migrate_ui": "1.1",
        "drupal/ds": "3.1",
        "drupal/colorbutton": "1.1",
        "drupal/google_analytics": "2.3",
        "drupal/workflow": "1.1",
        "drupal/eu_cookie_compliance": "1.2",
        "drupal/social_auth": "2.0-beta4",
        "drupal/social_auth_twitter": "2.0-alpha2",
        "drupal/structure_sync": "1.13",
        "drupal/colorbox_inline": "1.1",
        "drupal/colorbox": "1.4",
        "drupal/colorbox_field_formatter": "1.0",
        "drupal/pathauto": "1.2",
        "drupal/address": "1.4",
        "drupal/contact_storage": "~1.0",
        "drupal/contact_link": "1.1",
        "drupal/recaptcha": "2.3",
        "drupal/codesnippet": "1.6",
        "drupal/ckeditor_scayt": "1.0-alpha2"
    },
    "authors": [
        {
            "name": "jeanseb.valette",
            "email": "jeanseb@jeanseb.free.fr"
        }
    ],
    "minimum-stability": "dev",
    "repositories": [
        {
            "type": "composer",
            "url": "https://packages.drupal.org/8"
        }
    ]
}

Puis dans le répertoire site il faut créer le fichier sites.php avec un contenu selon le modèle suivant :

<?php

$sites = array(
      'localhost' => 'default',
    );

?>

Si nginx sert autre chose que le drupal 8 est configuré selon ce tuto il faut une directive server_name par site.

Ne pas oublier de relancer le service nginx et de créer la base.